My first approach was to look at cutting some bevel gears. I studied the information in Kozo Hirokas excellent book on Building the Climax, but decided the gears would be more that I was ready to do. I was also concerned that they would take up to much width, if made with a tooth size large enough to handle the load.
I also looked at using the bevel gers from an old hand crank drill. I found a couple identical drills, and am sure this would work, but again they were to wide.
I finally settled on an all spur gear differential, based on one I saw made by Fred Fox. Here is a photo of my differential.
The operation of this arrangement as a differential may not be obvious. Ill try to explain a bit. The large gear (bull gear, 90T) is driven from a pinion above it. It is bushed and free to turn on its axle. On each side of the bull gear is a wheel drive gear, 25T. The right wheelgear is directly connected to a flange that drives the right wheel. The left wheel gear is keyed to the axle. It turns through the main bearings and drives the left wheel.
The differential action comes from the 3 gears mounted on the bull gear. On each side, meshed with its corresponding wheel gear is a 20T Gear. On the side in the photo this gear is seen directly above the wheel gear. It is held to the bull gear by a short arbor, threaded into the bull gear. Just ahead of this gear, in mesh with it, is a 14 T idler. This idler is pressed onto a shaft which is bushed through the bull gear and carries the 20T gear from the left side.
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